Ovarian cysts are much more common than you think. However, there is little talk about this problem.
Did you know that a woman can have an ovarian cure during the period of menstrual bleeding, which seamlessly pulls itself off? Before you are scared of your health, you should know that such cysts are generally harmless. However, this does not mean that you can “skip” a regular gynecological examination.
What do you need to know about cysts on the ovaries?
First of all, let’s remind women of anatomy: inside the pelvis, the uterus is located between the two ovaries, each of which is approximately about the size of the almond. During the good years, one ovary each month will twist one egg in a space filled with fluid, called follicles and let the set of Fallopian tube. The follicle essentially fires later and the body absorbs it.
However, if the follicle does not release the egg, it may increase and develop into follicular cysts on the ovary. It can also lead to so-called the corpus luteum cyst, which recess is formed after the follicle rupture and release the ovum. These cysts can cause bleeding and pain in the pelvic region, but usually disappear after a few weeks.
There is also a so-called dermoid cyst, which forms when the eggs of the ovum fall apart, although they are not fertilized. This is not the usual condition, but it can be very problematic, since such cysts can grow up to 10 centimeters in diameter. Since this kind of cysts containing the genetic material to create a new life, sometimes it happens that after the removal of dermoid cysts in it find hair and teeth.
How do you know that you have a clean ovary?
Ovarian cysts often do not cause any symptoms and pass by themselves. Follicular cysts do not cause any changes in the menstrual cycle, while you in the event of a corpus luteum cyst may notice bleeding out of the cycle. They are usually detected during routine gynecological examinations, or ultrasound.
However, a large number of women feel the symptoms of cysts, which are fever, pain in the pelvic region, nausea and vomiting. One of the scenarios is worried by experts, and the word is about “twisting” of ovaries that can cause cysts and consequently cancels blood flow, which can cause permanent damage.
This problem is known as adnexial torsion and is very serious. If this happens, you will surely feel a piercing and sudden pain and nausea.
When does ovarian surgery?
Doctors are usually tracked for a while, and only if there is no other option, they decide on an operation. If the cyst survives on the ovary more than three menstrual cycles, or is greater than 10 cm, surgery is necessary and usually involves one of the following procedures: laporascopia or laparotomy. Both are performed under general anesthesia.
What is polycystic ovarian syndrome?
About seven percent of women suffer from this hormonal disorder, a 2007 study published in the journal Journal Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism showed. As the name suggests, people with this problem may have more cleansing on the ovaries. In this case, there are irregular periods, problems with conception, and symptoms such as deepening of the voice and increased malady.
Can the cysts on the ovaries be the beginning of a cancer?
The chance that the diagnosed cyst is actually cancer of the ovary is small, but there is. Like other types of cancer, the risk increases with time. Thus ovarian cancer is the fifth cause of death due to cancer in women. The doctor will be able to evaluate whether the cyst is actually cancerous during the examination because the functional cyst is filled with fluid, while solid growth can be tumors.
Is there a way to protect yourself from cysts?
If you are not pregnant, it may be helpful to take pills for contraception. They suppress ovulation and prevent cyst formation. However, they can not cure the cyst already created.